Matrix LED headlights of an Audi A6
Useful knowledge and valuable tips on the subject of Audi A6 Matrix LED headlights.
Important safety note
The following technical information and practical tips have been compiled by HELLA in order to provide professional support to vehicle workshops in their day-to-day work. The information provided on this website is intended for use by suitably qualified personnel only.
Whether it's technical progress, the expansion of e-mobility or increased demands on vehicle design: The importance of vehicle lighting continues to grow. It has long since ceased to be "just" about good lighting performance. Technologies that combine technical innovation with high energy efficiency and an advanced, individual design are in demand. HELLA provides an impressive example of what is possible in this field with the Audi A6 Matrix LED main headlamp, which represents another milestone in technology and lighting design. The Matrix LED main headlamp "merges" with the vehicle in purely visual terms - and is also technically fully integrated into the vehicle electronics.
In interaction with the front camera system, the Matrix LED can realise a dynamic light distribution in real time. The intelligent control of the individual LEDs not only ensures optimum, targeted illumination of the road and other objects, but also contributes significantly to greater safety in road traffic - dazzling other road users is now a thing of the past, even when the main beam is permanently switched on.
The "heart" of the Matrix LED headlamp is the lighting technology used, which enables intelligent control of the light diodes. All lighting functions can be realised through these. Two fans integrated into the headlamp, together with the sophisticated thermal management system, prevent the electrics from overheating. The individual light functions are controlled by the light control units (LCU) installed on the headlamp housing. As with the Audi A8 Matrix headlights , the light is distributed via projection modules or reflectors.
Communication between the lighting control units and the other control units in the vehicle takes place via the vehicle's data bus. In this way, coordination between the Matrix LED headlights and the vehicle's assistance systems takes place within milliseconds. The light distribution is adapted to the respective driving and surrounding situation via programmed switching algorithms.
In addition to classic light functions such as low beam and high beam, the Matrix LED headlamp has additional comfort functions - in detail, these are all-weather light, motorway light, cornering light, and "tourist light" (when driving in left-hand traffic with left-hand drive). Daytime running light and indicator light are realised via light guide technology. Also available are optional light functions such as coming home / leaving home.
The camera's control unit includes image processing software. In this way, the current traffic and ambient conditions are determined, analysed and processed for the high beam assistant. This then generates the glare-free main beam (also: Continuous high beam or masked high beam).
For example, if the system detects tail lights of vehicles ahead or headlights of oncoming vehicles, the power module of the Matrix LED headlight automatically dims or switches off the corresponding light segments or the corresponding LEDs.
The result: The best possible road illumination and maximisation of the duty cycle of the high beam when driving at night.
The Matrix LED headlamp or the control units have to process a multitude of data from different in-vehicle sources in order to calculate and realise the individual light functions.
Further in-vehicle communication with additional BUS participants takes place by networking the luminaire control units with the on-board power supply control unit and the control unit for driver assistance systems.
A functional failure of the LED headlights can lead to the following effects:
The following causes can be considered for the failure or malfunction:
The following system limitations and system errors are possible causes:
If the main headlight needs to be replaced, special work steps are required for diagnosis and repair. The following information refers to an Audi A6 Avant model year 2015 as an example, but applies analogously to other vehicle models with identical headlight systems.
The Matrix LED headlamp and the other vehicle lighting are monitored by higher-level control units in the vehicle system. Any faults that occur are stored in the fault memory of the control unit and can be read out with suitable diagnostic equipment. On some vehicle models, the driver is informed of a system fault by an additional warning in the instrument cluster display.
Before fault diagnosis with the diagnostic device, a visual inspection of the individual system components should first be carried out, as some faults can already be detected and rectified in this way.
With this function, the error codes stored in the error memory can be read out and deleted. In addition, information on the error code can be called up.
Error code: 5545009/ B149C31
With this function, current measured values such as the "Horizontal angle reference segment headlamp" can be selected and displayed on the left or right.
With this function, the various segments of the Matrix LED headlamp can be controlled by the diagnostic device. Thus, a functional check of the periphery as well as the corresponding system component can be carried out without much disassembly effort.
After carrying out the following repair work, the Matrix LED headlamp must subsequently be readjusted. This is the only way to ensure safe operation of the headlamp.
Before readjusting the headlamp, the following conditions must first be met on the vehicle:
In order to adjust the headlights, a diagnostic device is required in addition to a headlight adjustment device. The adjustment process is started by the diagnostic device and carried out according to predefined work sequences. If the vehicle is equipped with level control, the chassis is driven to normal level and the control is deactivated before the adjustment. After a successful adjustment, the control is activated again.
Vehicles with Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), Night Vision System or Perimeter Camera
In this context, please observe the repair instructions and safety instructions of the respective system or vehicle manufacturer!
When replacing electronic components in the headlamp, ensure the greatest possible cleanliness.
In addition, the measures for protection against electrostatic discharge (ESD) must be observed.
Repair work on the lighting system in the motor vehicle may only be carried out by trained specialist personnel. Improperly carried out repairs can lead to system failure and, in the worst case, personal injury.
The various diagnostic options were illustrated using the mega macs 77 diagnostic device from Hella Gutmann Solutions as an example. The respective test depth and variety of functions can be designed differently depending on the vehicle manufacturer and are dependent on the respective system configuration of the control unit.
Schematic illustrations, pictures and descriptions serve to explain and illustrate the document text and cannot be used as a basis for vehicle-specific repairs.
In this video, we show you the professional replacement of a full LED headlight using the example of an Audi A6/S6.